What makes up a foot

Our feet are incredibly complex structures which are made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles, and numerous tendons. All the parts of our feet must be held in the right position in order to run smoothly and work together.  Considering all of these moving parts, it's understandable that most people at one time or another develop some sort of foot problem. Dr. Danciger is an expert on the intricacies of the foot and can help diagnose and treat any ailments affecting the foot.

The 26 bones in your feet make up 25% of the bones in your entire body,  making our feet more flexible so we are able to walk, swim, run, and stand. The joints are points where two or more bones connect. They are separated by layers of cartilage and joined by ligaments.

Tendons and ligaments are tough, flexible bands of tissue that perform very similar roles. Your tendons link muscles to bones, like the Achilles tendon, which connects the heel bone to the muscles in the calf. Ligaments are also connective tissue, but they attach bones to bones rather than bones to muscle. Ligaments are essential because they stabilize joints in the body. The most commonly known ligament is the ACL which helps hold together bones around the knee cap.

Within each foot, the essential structure can be summed up as follows:

  • Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
  • Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
  • Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
  • Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
  • Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
  • A thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.

If you have questions regarding the structure of your foot, or your general foot health, request an appointment with Dr. Danciger today. Call our office at (760) 568-0108 or request an appointment from our homepage.

Dr. Harvey Danciger
Connect with me
Dr. Harvey Danciger is a podiatrist and foot surgeon in Palm Desert, CA specializing in the foot and ankle