To begin, there are 26 bones, 33 joints,107 ligaments and numerous tendons that make up the human foot.
7 short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep. 5 metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward the front and make up the structure of the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is connected with one of the toes.
- 14 phalanges & small bones form the toe structure.
- Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
- Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
Finally, there is a thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole which helps absosrb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.